Federal Programs » Federal Programs Department

Federal Programs Department

Federal Programs Areas:
Title I, Part A To support local school districts to improve teaching and learning for students in high-poverty schools
Title II, Part A Increase academic achievement by improving teacher and principal quality
Title III Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students
Title VI Discrimination on the Basis of Race, Color, or National Origin
Title IX
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act-Education for Homeless Children and Youth 
Discrimination on the Basis of Sex

Title I schools can operate either as targeted assistance or school wide.  Targeted assistance schools identify students who are at risk of not meeting the state's content and performance standards and provide individualized instructional programs use their funds to improve the entire program of the school so that all students are impacted.

The purpose of the program is to increase academic achievement by improving teacher and principal quality. This program is carried out by: increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in classrooms; increasing the number of highly qualified principals and assistant principals in schools; and increasing the effectiveness of teachers and principals by holding LEAs and schools accountable for improvements in student academic achievement. - See more at:



The purpose of this program is to provide services to those students that have a primary language other than English.   Currently, Alcoa City Schools provides services to English Learners through instruction certified English Learners teachers and a paraprofessional/translator.  For more information regarding services to our English Learners (EL) please visit the Federal Programs staff page or contact each school.


Federal Definition of an Immigrant Student

The term "immigrant children and youth," which is defined in section 3301(6) of Title III, refers to individuals who: (A) are aged 3 through 21; (B) were not born in any State; and (C) have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic years.


Federal Definition of an Limited English Proficient Student


The term 'limited English proficient', when used with respect to an individual, means an individual—
(A) who is aged 3 through 21;
(B) who is enrolled or preparing to enroll in an elementary school or secondary school;
(C)(i) who was not born in the United States or whose native language is a language other than English;
(ii)(I) who is a Native American or Alaska Native, or a native resident of the outlying areas; and
(II) who comes from an environment where a language other than English has had a significant impact on the individual's level of English language proficiency; or
(iii) who is migratory, whose native language is a language other than English, and who comes from an environment where a language other than English is dominant; and
(D) whose difficulties in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language may be sufficient to deny the individual—
(i) the ability to meet the State's proficient level of achievement on State assessments described in section 1111(b)(3);
(ii) the ability to successfully achieve in classrooms where the language of instruction is English; or

Migrant Services

The purpose of Tennessee's Migrant Education Program is to assist the State to support high-quality and comprehensive educational programs for migratory children to help reduce the educational disruptions and other problems that result from repeated moves.

The program aims at identifying and servicing children (between the ages of 3 and 21) who are, or whose parents or spouses are, migratory agricultural workers, including migratory dairy workers, or migratory fishermen, and who, in the preceding 36 months, traveled across division/state lines in order to obtain, or accompanied such parents or spouses, in order to obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing activity.



Title VI and Race, Color and National Origin Discrimination

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects people from discrimination based on race, color or national origin in programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Title VI states that:

No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

Programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance from the United States Department of Education (ED) are covered by Title VI. ED maintains an Office for Civil Rights, with 10 regional offices and a headquarters office in Washington, D.C., to enforce Title VI.

Title IX and Sex Discrimination

Title IX applies to institutions that receive federal financial assistance from ED, including state and local educational agencies. These agencies include approximately 16,500 local school districts, 7,000 postsecondary institutions, as well as charter schools, for-profit schools, libraries, and museums. Also included are vocational rehabilitation agencies and education agencies of 50 states, the District of Columbia, and territories and possessions of the United States.


Educational programs and activities that receive ED funds must operate in a nondiscriminatory manner. Some key issue areas in which recipients have Title IX obligations are recruitment, admissions, and counseling; financial assistance; athletics; sex-based harassment; treatment of pregnant and parenting students; discipline; single-sex education; and employment. Also, a recipient may not retaliate against any person for opposing an unlawful educational practice or policy, or made charges, testified or participated in any complaint action under Title IX. For a recipient to retaliate in any way is considered a violation of Title IX. The ED Title IX regulations  (Volume 34, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 106) provide additional information about the forms of discrimination prohibited by Title IX.

Education for Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness 
The purpose of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Act is to provide assistance for students who meet the unique needs of homeless children and youth.  The act states that a child or youth is considered homeless if he or she "lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.  Homeless children are those who:
  • Temporarily live with relatives or friends because they have nowhere else to go (due to financial constraints).  This is also referred to as being "doubled up". 
  • Live in shelters, motels, abandoned buildings, cars, tents, or on the streets.
  • Run away or are thrown out of their homes, parents homes (including unwed teen mothers and teen mothers-to-be)
  • Live in housing not fit for habitation (lack of electricity or water for an extended period of time).
Foster Care
The Every Student Succeeds Act emphasizes the importance of collaboration between local education and child welfare agencies to ensure the educational stability of children and youth in foster care. For more information about best practices to ensure educational best interest determination for children and youth in foster care, refer to the information in the following link:
Board Policies